March 2006


Citizen journalism examples abound, mostly as publications outside the MSM. See below for a listing of some sites that practice citizen journalism:

Baristanet
Brattleboro Community News and Discussion
NewWest
CoastSider
Bayosphere
Greensboro101
NowPublic
WestPortNow
BlufftonToday
Backfence. See the Full list of communities
Associated Content
PegasusNews
OhMyNews
GradeTheNews
OrangePolitics
MyMissourian
H20Town
Metroblogging

Below are some examples of group blogs that are independent from MSM

Slashdot. Founded in 1997. Read how moderation occurs and what karma means
Kuro5hin. Read how moderation occurs
Plastic. Read how moderation occurs
MetaFilter or MeFi. Founded in 1999. Read how moderation occurs. Bad posts put in MetaTalk

Blogger has some excellent resources for moblogging. Use the links below to learn how to moblog with Blogger

On the Go with Blogger Mobile
Blogger on the Go
Posting via Email
AudioBlogger

Places to create a Moblog
EasyMoblog
FoneBlog
SplashBlog
TextAmerica

Additional Moblog Experiments
Joichi Ito (one of the earliest mobloggers)
Newsplex Cingluar Wireless Election Project
Bush Protest
Katrina Aftermath

Below are some links that we will be discussing in class as I go over with you some of the big aspects of videoblogging.

Investigate Documentary/Collaborative Filmmaking
Echo Chamber Project–Kent Bye
Blogumentary–Chuck Olsen
Witness

Webcasting/Distributed Video Infrastructures
Democracy–Internet TV Platform
VideoBomb
Commonbits (uses p2p–Bittorrent). If you wish, learn more about it

Video Search Engines/Video Blogging Aggregators
Google Video
Yahoo Video
Blinkx TV
FireAnt TV
Blip TV
Current TV
YourTube
VideoSift
Vlogdir
Mobuzz (mobile phone)
Video blogging mailing list

Good VideoBlogs
Steve Garfield
Rocketboom

Tips on VideoBlogging
Current TV’s Survival Guide
Vlogit

Windows Movie Maker
Freevlog (use this site to show you how to do your video blogging)

Revenue Models
Revver (Like Fruitcast

MSM/VideoBlogging
Sun–Send us your rants
NYTimes Article on Rocketboom

Below are some references for creating good podcasts:

Lisa Williams 4 minutes about podcasting
O’Reilly’s Ten Tips For Improving Your Podcasting
Sound Recording and Editing Tips
Video Podcasting News (A great blog to follow developments in podcasting
Podsafe Music Network (Place to get safe audio for your podcasts)
Tweaking IDE tags (metadata) of mp3 files (IDE Tags enable you to label your audio).
Video Podcasting (Learn all about video podcasting from PodcastingNews).
Pew Report on Podcasting
Measuring Podcasting’s Growth
Using iPodder

Below are some links that you can use for creating podcasts, using grassroots tools and cheap technologies. Many of these technologies have powered the citizen journalism podcast movement, and though professionals often invest in more “heavy-duty” equipment, many of your built in applications in your computer can do the work for you. However, I do recommend that you get your hands on some good sound equipment if you want to become more regular and adept at podcasting

What you Need
Tools for Creating Podcast Audio
1. You can use your computer to create you audio. My recommended tool for creating audio is the open source tool Audacity (cross platform audio recorder). You will need the Lamelib framework to encode the files to mp3. Both must be downloaded for Audacity to successfully create mp3 audio files. When you download LAME, please note where you downloaded it to, because when you create audio in Audacity and attempt to convert it to mp3, it will ask you for the location of LAME. MAC OSX users can put it in their Applications folder; PC users can put it in their Programs folder. If you have problems locating LAME when you try to convert the audio to mp3, you can always resort to putting it on your desktop.

Read Audacity’s help documentation for how to use the program as well as the Tutorial page.

2. Cheap headset or use of a good inbuilt microphone on your computer. Headsets that are common are Logitech USB headsets.

3. You can also capturing audio outside of your computer. You will need additional devices if you want to record audio outside of your computer. For those with standard size iPods, there are two gadgets, the Belkin Voice Recorder or the Griffin iTalk. Please note these devices DO NOT WORK with an iPod MINI. You can view all of Griffin products for the iPod. Some sites that talk about the hardware requirements such as microphones and headsets include Gizmodo and Engadget.

4. Finally, you can use Odeo to record audio directly from your computer. You will be required to create an account at Odeo. Audio can be stored in your account here as well.

You can also podcast your skype conversations. Read this guide in SkypeJournal on essential steps to podcasting through skype.

Storing your Audio Files (If You Have an Mp3)
We will be using OurMedia to store our audio files. OurMedia also requires registration at Internet Archive. You will need a valid email address to authenticate for your username and password verification. Please note that the high volume usage of OurMedia requires patience with audio (and video) downloads, so, do not be too concerned if you first audio upload takes a few hrs to store the multimedia file.

Our media creates an RSS feed, which you can use to publish your podcast to podcatching software. If you use Odeo for the creation/storage of your audio, Odeo also provides an RSS feed for your convenience.

Creating Your Own RSS Feed
Many podcasters still resort to creating their own RSS feeds. Learning how to use your current blogging software Blogger to create a podcast feed is a good lesson. To burn a feed, we will be using an application called Feedburner. For podcasting, it is recommended that you dedicate a blog solely to podcasts, since the burned feed can just relate to podcasts (as opposed to text entries), making it clear that your blog is meant to be read as a podcasting blog as opposed to a text blog.

There is no need to recreate the wheel to learn how to burn a feed. Podcasting News has a great tutorial on how to use Blogger and Feedburner to create a feed.

To make the feed public, alter your podcast blogger template, with the signs “Podcast Feed.” You can also use the XML icons, which you can get from Feedburner, posting the code for it on your podcast blog template.

Confused yet? It is all very simple, but what you will learn with podcasting is that there are many ways to create, listen, and catch a podcast.

Since the inclusion of podcasts in iTunes, one can easily forget that before iTunes, podcasting existed with the use of open source tools. Today, you can continue to catch podcasts using open source tools, outside of iTunes. Additionally, if you would like to create a podcast, many of the tools that you use for creating your podcasts are also available through the open source world, or through free Web tools licensed under the Creative Commons license or the GPL

Alternative Tools for Listening to Podcasts
iPodder (lemon) Cross platform (PC, Mac) tool for listening/catching podcasts. Podcasts are automatically downloaded to your mp3 player of choice (WMP or iTunes) as designated in your iPodder preferences.
Juice (iPodder renamed)
Podcatcher on a Stick
To see a more exhaustive list of Podcatching software, visit the Wikipedia entry on List of Podcatchers. Podcatchers are also listed for Linux OS.

From Juice or iPodder, alternative podcast directories can be immediately accessed and subscribed to. Additionally, you can add feeds to iPodder, and upon requesting the download, you can access the mp3 through an automatically created playlist in your iTunes or WMP application.

Some RSS newsreaders also show podcasts. For example, NetNewsWire will download blog postings with podcasts, and shown a download button, allowing you to decide whether you would like to download the podcast to your iTunes.

As you can see, the choices are endless for listening to podcasts. Since iTunes has embedded the podcast technology into its interface, as well as the video cast technology, many are resorting to just using iTunes. However, it is significant as learners in this field that you maintain an attachment to grassroots technologies in order to understand the evolution and appeal of these technologies to citizen journalists.

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